Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
Background National oral health policy was conscripted by the Indian Dental Association (IDA) in 1986 and was accepted as an integral part of National Health Policy (NHP) by the Central Council of Health and Family Welfare in one of its conferences in the year 1995. Objectives of this paper were to find out the efforts made or going on towards its execution, its current status and recent oral health-related affairs or programs, if any.
Methods Literature search was done using the institutional library, web-based search engines like ‘Google’ and ‘PubMed’ and also by cross referencing. It yielded 108 articles, of which 50 were excluded as they were not pertinent to the topic. Twenty-four were of global perspective rather than Indian and hence were not taken into account and finally 34 articles were considered for analyses. Documents related to central and state governments of India were also considered.
Results All the articles considered for analysis were published within the past 10 years with gradual increase in number which depicts the researchers’ increasing focus towards oral health policy. Criticisms, suggestions and recommendations regarding national oral health programs, dental manpower issues, geriatric dentistry, public health dentistry, dental insurance, oral health inequality, and public-private partnerships have taken major occupancies in the articles. Proposals like “model for infant and child oral health promotion” and “oral health policy phase 1 for Karnataka” were among the initiatives towards national oral health policy.
Conclusion The need for implementation of the drafted oral health policy with modification that suits the rapidly changing oral health system of this country is inevitable.
Singh A, Purohit B. Targeting poor health: Improving oral health for the poor and the underserved. International Affairs and Global Strategy 2012;3:1-6.
Lal S, Paul D, Vashisht BM. National Oral Health Care Programme (NOHCP) implementation strategies. Indian J Community Med. 2004;29(1):3-10.
Marya C M. A Textbook ofPublic Health Dentistry. New Delhi: JP Medical Ltd; 2011.
Parkash H, Shah N. National Oral Health Care Programme Implementation Strategies. New Delhi: AIIMS, Ansari Nagar; 2002.
Nanda Kishor KM. Public health implications of oral health-inequity in India. Journal ofAdvanced Dental Research. 2010;1(1):1-9.
Pandve HT. Recent advances in oral health care in India. Indian J Dent Res. 2009;20(1):129-130. Doi:10.4103/0970-9290.49054
Shah N. Need for gerodontology education in India. Gerodontology. 2005;22:104-105.
Raju HG. Oral health insurance in India. Annals and Essences of Dentistry. 2010;2(4):208-210.
Phulambrikar T, Wanjari PV, Warhekar AM, Reddy P. Indian perspective of strengthening priorities in cancer prevention: connecting the missing links. Journal of Indian Academy of Oral Medicine and Radiology. 2011;23(2):112-114.
Mohanty M, Parkash H. Perception of accredited social health activists regarding oral health in Northern India. Indian J Public Health. 2011;55(4):140-141. Doi:10.4103/0019-557X.92424
Ahuja NK, Parmar R. Demographics & current scenario with respect to dentists, dental institutions & dental practices in India. Indian Journal of Dental Sciences. 2011;3(2):7-11.
Mazumdar D. Current scenario of dental education in India. Contemp Clin Dent. 2011;2(4):272-273. Doi:10.4103/0976-237X.91786
Sehgal P, Lal S. Enhancing public private partnership in oral health care. Journal of the Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry. 2011;18(suppl 2):923-924.
Chavan S, Kemparaj U, Baghele ON, Rajdha A. Public–private partnership to enhance oral health in India. Journal of Interdisciplinary Dentistry. 2012;2(2):135-137. Doi:10.4103/2229-5194.100609
Datta P, Sood S. Oral health care of elderly in India: present scenario and future concerns. Indian Journal of Dental Education. 2010;3(3):127-131.
Abhinav S, Bharathi PM. Dental public health! a mistaken identity. Advances in Life Science and its Applications. 2012;1(3):58-61.
Thomas S. The need for geriatric dental education in India: the geriatric health challenges of the millennium. Int Dent J. 2013;63:130-6. Doi:10.1111/idj.12021
Dhankar K, Ingle NA, Chaudhary A, Kaur N. Geriatric dentistry: a review. Journal of Oral Health & Community Dentistry. 2013;7(3):170-173.
Gupta B, Ariyawardana A, Johnson NW. Oral cancer in India continues in epidemic proportions: evidence base and policy initiatives. Int Dent J. 2013;63:12-25. Doi:10.1111/j.1875-595x.2012.00131.x
Jawdekar AM. A proposed model for infant and child oral health promotion in India. Int J Dent. 2013; 2013;2013:e1-6.. Doi:10.1155/2013/685049
Vundavalli S. Dental manpower planning in India: current scenario and future projections for the year 2020. Int Dent J. 2014;64:62-67. Doi:10.1111/idj.12063
Gurav P. Dentistry in India: Role and Challenges. Mumbai: The IDA Times; 2014:5.
Jaiswal AK, Srinivas P, Suresh S. Dental manpower in India: changing trends since 1920. Int Dent J. 2014;64(4):213-218.
Yadav R. Mobile dental care – a tool to improve rural dental health. Journal of Oral Health Research. 2014;5(1):7-9.
Panchmal GS. Recommendations for oral health policy. Presented at: Oral health policy phase-1 for Karnataka; 17 February 2014; Yenepoya Dental College Mangalore, Karnataka.
Fourth Conference of Central Council of Health and Family Welfare - Proceedings and resolutions. October 11-13, 1995 New Delhi; Bureau of planning, Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi.
Planning Commission. Second five year plan (1956-1961): health. New Delhi: Government of India; 1957.
Planning Commission. Twelfth five year plan (2012-2017) Volume III: social sectors (health). New Delhi: Government of India; 2013.
Planning Commission. Fourth five year plan (1969-74): health and family planning. New Delhi: Government of India; 1970.
Planning Commission. Eleventh five year plan (2007-2012) Volume III: Agriculture, Rural development, Industry, Services, and Physical infrastructure (appendix). New Delhi: Government of India; 2008.
Sumit K, Kumar S, Saran A, Dias FS.Oral health care delivery systems in India: an overview. International Journal of Basic and Applied Medical Sciences. 2013;3(2):171-178.
Singh SV, Akbar Z, Tripathi A, Chandra S, Tripathi A. Dental myths, oral hygiene methods and nicotine habits in an ageing rural population: an Indian study. Indian J Dent Res. 2013;24:242- 244. Doi:10.4103/0970-9290.116697
Suresh S. The great divide. Rural–urban gap in oral health in India. Journalof Dental& Oro-facial Research.2012;8:1-6.