Climate Change and Telemedicine: A Prospective View

Document Type: Letter to Editor

Authors

1 Medical Informatics Research Center, Institute for Future Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2 Health Foresight and Innovation Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

3 Modelling in Health Research Center, Institute for Future Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

Keywords


Dear Editor,

There was a question regarding the role of healthcare policymakers and whether they can help to reduce air pollution by promoting and investing in telemedicine systems. 

Global warming has become a global political concern due to excessive greenhouse gas emissions of fossil fuels this leaves undesirable effects on climate conditions, human health, and the world economy.1... (Read more...)

  1. Climate change and health. WHO website. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/climate-change-and-health.  Accessed June  10, 2019.
  2. Wallemacq P. Economic losses, poverty & disasters: 1998-2017. Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, CRED; 2018.
  3. Environmental performance index.  EPI website. https://epi.envirocenter.yale.edu/downloads/epi2018policymakerssummaryv01.pdf.  Accessed July 19, 2019.
  4. How air pollution is destroying our health. WHO  website. https://www.who.int/airpollution/news-and-events/how-air-pollution-is-destroying-our-health.  Accessed June 10, 2019.
  5. Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions.  EPA website. https://www.epa.gov/ghgemissions/sources-greenhouse-gas-emissions#t1fn2.  Accessed July  24, 2019.
  6. Greenhouse gas emissions from transport in Europe.  European Environment Agency website. https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/transport-emissions-of-greenhouse-gases/transport-emissions-of-greenhouse-gases-12.  Accessed July  24, 2019.
  7. World Health Organization (WHO). Telemedicine: opportunities and developments in member states. Report on the second global survey on eHealth. Geneva: WHO; 2010.
  8. Wootton R, Bahaadinbeigy K, Hailey D. Estimating travel reduction associated with the use of telemedicine by patients and healthcare professionals: proposal for quantitative synthesis in a systematic review. BMC Health Serv Res. 2011;11(1):185. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-11-185
  9. Dullet NW, Geraghty EM, Kaufman T, et al. Impact of a university-based outpatient telemedicine program on time savings, travel costs, and environmental pollutants. Value Health. 2017;20(4):542-546.
  10. Masino C, Rubinstein E, Lem L, Purdy B, Rossos PG. The impact of telemedicine on greenhouse gas emissions at an academic health science center in Canada. Telemed J E Health. 2010;16(9):973-976. doi:10.1089/tmj.2010.0057
  11. Oliveira TC, Barlow J, Gonçalves L, Bayer S. Teleconsultations reduce greenhouse gas emissions. J Health Serv Res Policy. 2013;18(4):209-214. doi:10.1177/1355819613492717
  12. Holmner Å, Ebi KL, Lazuardi L, Nilsson M. Carbon footprint of telemedicine solutions-unexplored opportunity for reducing carbon emissions in the health sector. PloS One. 2014;9(9):e105040. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0105040
  13. Muoio D. Report: Global telemedicine market will hit $130B by 2025. https://www.mobihealthnews.com/content/report-global-telemedicine-market-will-hit-130b-2025.  Accessed July  24, 2019. Published 2019.