Document Type : Commentary
Institute for Medical Information Processing, Biometry and Epidemiology - IBE, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Munich, Germany
Pettenkofer School of Public Health, Munich, Germany
In implementation science, implementation has been widely theorized and assessed. Context, on the other hand, usually played a minor role in the field and was usually conceptualized in a rather positivist way. Despite some promising efforts, there is a strong need to continue building theory on context and operationalizing the concept in implementation practice. I argue for the benefit of integrating complexity theory into our understanding of context in order to further our thinking about context and intervention as a system. This should be reflected by the way in which we build theory as well as apply this theory by employing methods that adequately account for complexity in systems.