Document Type : Commentary
Faculty of Nursing Sciences, Université Laval, Quebec City, QC, Canada
Context influences the effectiveness of healthcare interventions and should be considered to inform their implementation. However, context remains poorly defined in the knowledge translation (KT) literature. The paper by Squires and colleagues constitutes a valuable contribution to the field of KT as it provides the basis for a comprehensive framework to assess the influence of context on implementation success. In their study, Squires et al identified 66 context features, grouped into 16 attributes. Their findings highlight a great convergence in the context features mentioned by stakeholders across countries, experience levels and roles in KT. Thus, the proposed framework could eventually transfer to several implementation settings. However, all study participants were from high-income countries. It would therefore be important to replicate this research in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). A common understanding of what context means is essential to assessing its influence on the implementation of healthcare interventions globally.