Implications of COVID-19 for Public Health Theory and Praxis From a Complex Systems Perspective

Document Type : Viewpoint


1 Health Services Management Research Centre, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2 Centre for Circular Economy, Exeter University Business School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK

3 Health Human Resources Research Centre, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran


Main Subjects


Complex systems, in a nutshell, are dynamic networks of interactions and interdependencies among a remarkable number of adaptive agents (eg, human beings and social institutions). According to this dynamic approach all entities are interrelated and have mutual effects on each other. This is in contrast with static approach when the failure of one entity has little to no effect on the system as-a-whole. Such dynamic networks of relations give rise to new properties at different scales of the system.1...(Read more...)

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  • Receive Date: 24 April 2022
  • Revise Date: 03 November 2022
  • Accept Date: 16 November 2022
  • First Publish Date: 19 November 2022