Conditional Cash Transfer to Improve TB Outcomes: Necessary but Not Sufficient; Comment on “Does Direct Benefit Transfer Improve Outcomes Among People With Tuberculosis? – A Mixed-Methods Study on the Need for a Review of the Cash Transfer Policy in India”

Document Type : Commentary


1 Institute of Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy, Buenos Aires, Argentina

2 Division of Population Health, Health Services Research and Primary Care, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK


Tuberculosis (TB) still represents a major public health problem in many regions of the world. TB control can only be achieved through a comprehensive and inclusive response which takes into account both upstream and downstream coordinated interventions related to structural determinants such as poverty, nutrition, sanitation, housing and access to healthcare as well as timely diagnosis and support throughout the course of treatment. Several social and financial support strategies have been proposed to improve TB treatment adherence, including conditional cash transfers (CCTs). In this context, demonstrating that social protection directly improves a specific health outcome using routinely collected data, incomplete registries or surveillance reports brings about many methodological challenges. We briefly discuss this paper and some limitations, describe main findings from our own research in this area and make a call to expand social protection interventions to address structural conditions of those most affected.


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  • Receive Date: 23 August 2022
  • Revise Date: 09 December 2022
  • Accept Date: 12 December 2022
  • First Publish Date: 13 December 2022